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Dec 23, 2010

Passion flower (Passiflora)

Passion flower, or wine passion (Passiflora) is a genus of about 500 species of flowering plants, from the Passifloraceae family namesakes. They are mostly wine, with some being shrubs, and several species of herbs. For information about the fruit of Passiflora plant, see passionfruit. Hollrungia monotypic genus seem to be separated from Passiflora, but further study is needed.
The family Passifloraceae is found throughout the world except in Antarctica, and Passiflora were absent from Africa, although many other members of the Passifloraceae family was there (for example, more plesiomorphic Adenia).

Nine types of Passiflora are native United States, found from Ohio to the north, west and south to California to Florida Keys. Most of the other species found in South America, China, and South Asia, New Guinea, four or more species in Australia and a single endemic species in New Zealand. New species continue to be identified: for example, P. pardifolia and xishuangbannaensis P. only been known to the scientific community since 2006, and 2005.

Type of Passiflora have been naturalized outside their native range. As an example, Blue Passion Flower (P caerulea) now grows wild in Spain purple passionfruit (P. edulis) and yellow flavicarpa relative. have been introduced in many tropical regions as a commercial crop.


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