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Jan 12, 2011

Mount Everest

Mount Everest (Tibetan: Qomolangma ཇོ་མོ་གླང་མ; Nepal: Sagarmatha सगरमाथा; Chinese Simplified Chinese Zhumulangma Peak: 珠穆朗玛峰; pinyin: Zhūmùlǎngmǎ Feng); Limbu Chajamlangma), or Mount Chomolungma, is the highest mountain in the world above the surface sea at 8,848 meters (29,029 feet). It is situated in the Himalayas in Nepal (Sagarmatha Zone)-China (Tibet) border.

In 1856, the Great Trigonometric Survey of British India established the first published height of Everest, then known as Peak XV, at 29,002 feet (8840 m). In 1865, Everest was given an official name in English by the Royal Geographical Society upon recommendation of Andrew Waugh, the British Surveyor General of India at that time, which is named after his predecessor in the post, and former chief, Sir George Everest. Chomolungma has been commonly used by Tibetans for centuries, but Waugh is not to propose an established local name for Nepal and Tibet closed to foreigners.

 The highest mountain in the world attract experienced climbers many novice climbers who are willing to pay large amounts for professional mountain guides to complete a successful climb. This mountain, while not posing substantial technical difficulties in climbing the standard route (other eight-thousanders such as K2 or Nanga Parbat is much more difficult), still has many inherent dangers such as altitude, weather and wind disease.

At the end of the 2008 climbing season, there have been 4102 ascents to the summit of about 2,700 people. [5] Climbers are a significant source of tourist revenue for Nepal, the government also requires all prospective climbers to obtain permission expensive, costing up to U.S. $ 25,000 per person [6] At the end of 2009 Everest. has claimed 216 lives,  including eight who died during a 1996 storm high on the mountain. The condition is very difficult in the death zone (altitude higher than 8,000 m/26, 246 ft) that the bodies had been largely left where they fell. Some of them are visible from the standard route.


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