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Jan 12, 2011

Amur River

Amur River (Russian: Амур река, IPA: [ɐmur]; Chinese simplified: 黑龙江; Pinyin: Jiang Hēilóng; Manchu: Sahaliyan1.png, Sahaliyan Ula) is the world's ninth longest river, forms the border between the Russian Far East and Northeastern China. 
It flows northeast Asia for more than 4444 km (2761 mi), from the mountains of northeast China to the Sea of Okhotsk (near Nikolayevsk-na-Amure), it flows a great river that includes diverse landscape of deserts, grasslands, tundra , and taiga, eventually empties into the Pacific Ocean via the Strait of Tartary, where the mouth of the river faces the northern tip of Sakhalin island.

The Amur is alwaysclosely connected the island of Sakhalin in the mouth , and namethe most to the island , even inindigenous languages of the region , derived from the name of the river : " Sakhalin"is derivedfrom the Tungus dialect form cognate with Manchu sahaliyan ( " black ,"asin Ula sahaliyan, "Black River"), while Ainu and Japanese "Karaputo" or "Karafuto"comes from the Ainu name of the Amur or mouth. Anton Chekhov clearly illustrates the Amur River in the writings about the trip to Sakhalin Island in 1890.

Average annual discharge varies from 6000 s / (1980) - 12 000 / s (1957), which causes an average of 9819 / s or 310 km ³ per year. The maximum runoff measured occurred in October 1951 with 30 700 s / while the minimum discharge recorded in March 1946 with only 514 / s.


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